MILITANT AND COOPERATIVE INTERNATIONALISM AMONG AMERICAN RELIGIOUS PUBLICS

  • James L. Guth Furman University, South Carolina, USA

Abstract

Although there has been much speculation about the way that religion shapes American attitudes on foreign policy, there are few empirical analyses of that influence. This paper draws on a large national sample of the public in 2008 to classify religious groups on Eugene Wittkopf’s (1990) classic dimensions of foreign policy attitudes, militant internationalism and cooperative internationalism. We find rather different religious constituencies for each dimension and demonstrate the influence of ethnoreligious and theological factors on both. Combining the two dimensions, we show that American religious groups occupy different locations in Wittkopf’s hardliner, internationalist, accommodationist, and isolationist camps.

Author Biography

James L. Guth, Furman University, South Carolina, USA

James L. Guth is William Rand Kenan, Jr. Professor of Political Science at Furman University, where he has taught since 1973. He received the B.S. degree in political science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Ph.D. in government from Harvard University. A specialist in American politics, he has written four books and dozens of articles for both scholarly and public audiences. In 2008 his work on religious influences on Congressional voting received the Paul J. Weber Award for the best paper on religion and politics presented at the previous annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. 

Keywords: Militant internationalism, cooperative internationalism, ethnoreligious tradition, religious traditionalism, American foreign policy

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Published
2016-12-29
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