“THE FALL OF THE SECOND WALL”: THE NORMALIZATION OF RELATIONS BETWEEN CUBA AND THE UNITED STATES AND THE ROLE OF POPE FRANCIS

Main Article Content

Pablo A. Baisotti

Abstract

The pastoral trips of Pope Francis to Cuba and to the United States were not only religious. The political activity that he organized to consolidate the relationship between the two recently reconciled countries was remarkable. Through visits, meetings and masses the Pope expressed his position and concerns about various arguments, beyond the recomposed Cuban-American relationship. During the trip he addressed subjects including the environment, poverty, family, union, freedom, all of which were themes that the Pontiff had clearly stated in his encyclical Laudato Si ‘(2015) and his Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Gaudium (2013). With this trip, Pope Francis ended up consolidating his status as a global politician as well as a pastor with a high degree of acceptance not only among Catholics.

Article Details

How to Cite
BAISOTTI, Pablo A.. “THE FALL OF THE SECOND WALL”: THE NORMALIZATION OF RELATIONS BETWEEN CUBA AND THE UNITED STATES AND THE ROLE OF POPE FRANCIS. Politics and Religion Journal, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 191-215, nov. 2017. ISSN 1820-659X. Available at: <https://www.politicsandreligionjournal.com/index.php/prj/article/view/272>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2017.
Section
TOPIC OF THIS ISSUE

References

Alonso Aurelio, Las relaciones entre la Iglesia Católica y el Estado cubano a la altura del 2003, in Tulchin Joseph S, Bobea Lilian, Espina Prieto Mayra y Hernández Rafael (eds.), Cambios en la sociedad cubana desde los noventa, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, 2005.
Barrett Lain Corinna, God, Civic Virtue, and the American Way: Reconstructiong Engel, Stanford Law Review, 67, 2015.
Burgaleta Claudio, La fe de los hispanos: Diversidad religiosa de los pueblos latinoamericanos, Libros Liguori, Liguori, 2013.
Cárdenes Medina René, Religión, producción de sentido y Revolución. In: Sandra Valmaña Lastres (ed.), 1959: Una rebelión contra las oligarquías y los dogmas revolucionarios, Ruth, Havana, 2009.
Castro Fidel, Discurso e intervenciones, t1, 1959 Año de la liberación, s/e.
Castro Fidel, Una revolución sólo puede ser hija de la cultura y las ideas, in: Castro Fidel, La historia me absolverá y otros discursos, Colección Palabras Esenciales, Venezuela, 2009.
Coltman Leycester, The Real Fidel Castro, Yale University Press, New Heaven and London, 2003.
Córdova Efrén, Apuntes para una historia de la dictadura castrista, Editorial Hispano-Cubana. Madrid, 2006.
Crahan Margaret, Sociedad civil y religión en Cuba: pasado, presente y futuro, in: Tulchin Joseph S, Bobea Lilian, Espina Prieto Mayra y Hernández Rafael (eds.), Cambios en la sociedad cubana desde los noventa, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, 2005.
Cuda Emilce, Pope Francis: It is the Politics!, Politics and Religion Journal, Vol. 11, No, 1, 2017.
Cuda Emilce, Democracia y catolicismo en Estados Unidos, Buenos Aires, Ágape, 2010.
Cuda Emilce, Para leer a Francisco. Teología, ética y política, Manantial, Buenos Aires, 2016.
Cuda Emilce, The Theology of Francis. Difference between Liberation Theology and Theology of the People, in: Panotto Nicolás (ed.), Pope Francis in poscolonial reality, Borderless Press, London, 2015.
Cuda Emilce, Francis and the theology of the people, in Chathanatt John (ed.), Unto the Margins: Pope Francis and His Challenges, Media House and Claretian Publications, Delhi, 2013.
Del Rey Annet y Yalexy Castañeda, El reavivamiento religioso en Cuba, Temas, 31, Havana, 2002.
Dias Elizabeth, The New Roman Empire, Time, September 2015, New York.
Dussel Enrique (ed), The Church in Latin America, 1492-1992, Maryknoll, New York, 1992.
Encuentro Nacional Eclesial Cubano. Documento Final, Tipografía Don Bosco, Roma, 1986.
Estrada Montalbán Joaquín (ed.), Iglesia Católica y Nacionalidad cubana: Encuentros nacionales de Historia, Ediciones Universal, Miami, 2005.
Fandl Kevin, Cuban migration to the United States in a post-normalized relations World, Minnesota Journal of International Law, 26 (1), 2017.
Fernández Santalices Manuel, Religión y Revolución en Cuba: Veinticinco Años de Lucha Ateista, Saeta Ediciones, Miami, 1984.
Formicola Jo Renee, U.S.-Vatican Relations: Toward a Post-Cold War Convergence?, Journal of Church and State, 1996.
Ganther Sara, En Cuba todo sigue distinto, Nueva Sociedad, 266, November- Dicember, 2016, Buenos Aires.
Gentile Emilio, Le religioni della politica. Fra democrazia e totalitarismi, Laterza, Bari, 2001.
Guerra López Dolores, González Plasencia Yolanda, Hernández Denis Amparo and García González Ivette (comp) El partido, una revolución en la revolución. Selección temática 1961-2005, Editora política, Havana 2011.
Larraquy Marcelo, Código Francisco, Debate, Buenos Aires, 2016.
La Voz de la Iglesia en Cuba, 100 Documentos Episcopales, Conferencia de Obispos católicos de Cuba, Mexico, 1995.
LeoGrande William y Kornbluh Peter, Back channel to Cuba: The Hidden History of Negotiations between Washington and Havana, The University of North Carolina Press, North Carolina, 2014.
Linz, Juan, El uso religioso de la política y/o el uso político de la religión: la ideología-sucedáneo versus la religión sucedáneo, Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas, No. 114, Madrid, 2006.
OLAS. Primera Conferencia de la Organización latinoamericana de Solidaridad, s/e, 1967.
Romeo Carlos, Che, in Sandra Valmaña Lastres (ed.), 1959: Una rebelión contra las oligarquías y los dogmas revolucionarios, Ruth, Havana, 2009.
Ruiz Leovigildo, Diario de una traición. Cuba: 1959, Florida Typesetting of Miami, Miami, 1965.
Spadaro Antonio, Intervista a Papa Francesco, La Civiltà Cattolica, Septembe 2013, Rome.
Valdéz Paz Juan, Cuba en el “Periodo Especial”: de la igualdad a la equidad, en Tulchin Joseph S, Bobea Lilian, Espina Prieto Mayra y Hernández Rafael (eds.), Cambios en la sociedad cubana desde los noventa, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, 2005.